Why is heart disease a health risk?

Leading risk factors for heart disease and stroke are high blood pressure, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, diabetes, smoking and secondhand smoke exposure, obesity, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What are problems with the heart?

The causes of heart valve problems include infections such as rheumatic fever, congenital heart disease, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, or as a result of a heart attack. Diseases of the heart valves include: Endocarditis.

What can heart problems lead to?

From clogged arteries to infections, heart disease covers a lot of ground. It’s not just one thing, but a group of conditions that affect your heart and body in different ways. It can lead to problems like heart attacks and strokes, and it’s the most common cause of death for both men and women in the United States.

What are the most common heart problems?

5 Most Common Heart Diseases

  1. Congenital Heart Disease. Congenital heart disease is a birth defect that could range from a small hole in the heart to something more severe.
  2. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
  3. Heart Arrhythmia.
  4. Dilated Cardiomyopathy.
  5. Pulmonary Stenosis.

Is heart disease treatable?

Treating coronary heart disease (CHD) Coronary heart disease cannot be cured but treatment can help manage the symptoms and reduce the chances of problems such as heart attacks. Treatment can include: lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and stopping smoking.

What causes heart attacks?

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the main cause of heart attack. A less common cause is a severe spasm, or sudden contraction, of a coronary artery that can stop blood flow to the heart muscle.

Is heart disease life threatening?

However, heart failure can be life-threatening. People with heart failure may have severe symptoms, and some may need a heart transplant or a ventricular assist device (VAD).

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