Congenital heart disease may initially be suspected during a routine ultrasound scan of the baby in the womb. Specialist ultrasound, called foetal echocardiography, will then be carried out at around 18 to 22 weeks of the pregnancy to try to confirm the exact diagnosis.
Is congenital heart disease for life?
Advances in diagnosis and treatment have allowed babies with congenital heart disease to survive well into adulthood. Sometimes, signs and symptoms of congenital heart disease aren’t seen until you’re an adult. If you have congenital heart disease you likely will need care throughout your life.
Can you develop congenital heart disease?
Congenital heart defects may produce symptoms at birth, during childhood and sometimes not until adulthood. 800,000 adults in the United States have grown into adulthood with congenital heart disease. This number increases by about 20,000 each year. Adult congenital heart disease is not uncommon.
How is congenital heart disease caused?
Congenital heart disease is caused when something disrupts the normal development of the heart. It’s thought that most cases occur when something affects the heart’s development during the first 6 weeks of pregnancy.
What is the life expectancy for a child with congenital heart defect?
Survival. About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age.
Can a congenital heart defect go unnoticed?
Congenital heart disease is the most common type of birth defect, yet despite great advances in screening and diagnosis, the condition can go unnoticed for a long time, well until heart damage has progressed enough to cause detectable symptoms.
Is congenital heart disease curable?
There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.
How long do CHD patients live?
We estimate that the average life expectancy of these adult patients will be 35 to 40 years for those with complex CHD, and 55 years for those with moderate CHD. Thus, patients with complex CHD believed they would live about 35 years longer than expected, and those with moderate CHD about 20 years longer than expected.
How do you treat a child with a heart defect?
Your child’s doctor can help you teach self-care skills to your child. These skills include taking medicines or limiting exercise, if needed. A heart-healthy lifestyle is also very important and includes not smoking and eating healthy foods. When your child is an adult, he or she will need routine checkups.
Is congenital heart disease serious?
Critical congenital heart defects (also called critical CHDs or critical congenital heart disease) are the most serious congenital heart defects. Babies with critical CHDs need surgery or other treatment within the first year of life. Without treatment, critical CHDs can cause serious health problems and death.
[KEY]Is congenital heart disease considered a disability?[/KEY]
If your child has a congenital heart defect, he or she may be eligible for Social Security disability benefits. The Social Security Administration (SSA) offers monthly financial aid for people of all ages who have serious conditions or illnesses.
Can stress cause congenital heart defects?
MONDAY, March 25 (HealthDay News) — Stress in mothers before and during pregnancy may boost the risk of congenital heart defects in their children, more new evidence suggests.
Is congenital heart disease more common in males or females?
CHDs were more common in females than males at all. In the details the frequency of females other than males was more in VSD, PS, PDA and ASD. But, the frequency of males other than females was more in TOF, AS, COA and D-TGA. VSD was the most frequent of CHDs.
How do I know if my child has heart problems?
Heart problems in young children Passing out during physical exercise or activity. Heart palpitations—a heartbeat that feels funny or fluttery to a child. Shortness of breath while playing or being active. Chest pain.
Can you live long with CHD?
As medical care and treatment have improved, babies and children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) are living longer and healthier lives. Most are now living into adulthood. Ongoing, appropriate medical care can help children and adults with a CHD live as healthy as possible.
What is the rarest congenital heart defect?
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a rare type of congenital heart disease, where the left side of the heart doesn’t develop properly and is too small. This results in not enough oxygenated blood getting through to the body.
Can people with heart defects have children?
Having an adult congenital heart defect will not physically prevent you from getting pregnant. Certain conditions put you and your baby at higher risk for complications. If you have a high-risk condition, your doctor may advise you to avoid becoming pregnant.
What are the two types of congenital heart disease?
CHD can describe a number of different problems affecting the heart. It is the most common type of birth defect. CHD causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects. CHD is often divided into two types: cyanotic (blue skin color caused by a lack of oxygen) and non-cyanotic.
What age group is affected by congenital heart defects?
Approximately 2.4 million people were estimated to be living with a CHD in the United States in 2010. About 1 million of those were children under the age of 18 years and about 1.4 million were adults age 18 years and older. About 12% (289,000 people) were estimated to have a severe CHD.
Who do you inherit heart disease from?
One copy is inherited from your mother and one copy is inherited from your father. Genetic conditions are caused by a change (or mutation) in one or more genes passed from generation to generation. Most genetic heart conditions are inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.
Can I exercise with a hole in my heart?
Exercise. Having an atrial septal defect usually doesn’t restrict you from activities or exercise. If you have complications, such as arrhythmias, heart failure or pulmonary hypertension, you might be counseled to avoid some activities or exercises. Your cardiologist can help you learn what is safe.
What is the most common CHD?
The most common congenital heart defect is a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). The aortic valve opens and shuts to allow blood flow from the heart to the aorta. The aorta is the major blood vessel bringing oxygen-rich blood to the body.
[KEY]What happens when a baby is born with a heart defect?[/KEY]
In this condition, the entire left side of the heart, including valves and blood vessels, is underdeveloped. Without prompt treatment, the baby is likely to die within days or weeks of birth. Symptoms include a grey complexion and severe breathing difficulties.
How can I prevent my baby from having a heart defect?
There are some things you can do that might reduce your child’s overall risk of birth defects such as:
- Get proper prenatal care.
- Take a multivitamin with folic acid.
- Don’t drink or smoke.
- Get a rubella (German measles) vaccine.
- Control your blood sugar.
- Manage chronic health conditions.
- Avoid harmful substances.
How do you treat a congenital heart defect?
Care and treatment options for congenital heart defects include:
- Surgical procedures.
- Cardiac catheterizations.
- Heart transplants.
- Preparing children for surgery.
- Feeding tips for your baby with CHD.
- Special needs for children with CHD.
- Physical activity for those with congenital heart defects.
Can congenital heart disease be detected before birth?
Many heart defects can be detected before birth through the use of a special type of sonography called fetal echocardiography. Sound waves are used to create a picture of the baby’s heart. Health care providers can use the information from this ultrasound to diagnose the condition and develop a treatment plan.
What are the signs of dying from congestive heart failure?
The symptoms of end-stage congestive heart failure include dyspnea, chronic cough or wheezing, edema, nausea or lack of appetite, a high heart rate, and confusion or impaired thinking.
[KEY]What are the signs of worsening heart failure?[/KEY]
Signs of Worsening Heart Failure
- Shortness of breath.
- Feeling dizzy or lightheaded.
- Weight gain of three or more pounds in one day.
- Weight gain of five pounds in one week.
- Unusual swelling in the legs, feet, hands, or abdomen.
- A persistent cough or chest congestion (the cough may be dry or hacking)