We know that the suffix -ologist refers to someone who studies some area. To that, we add cardio-, which comes from the Greek kardia, meaning “heart,” and we get “someone who studies the heart.” The actual study of the heart is called cardiology, with cardiologist coming along a few years later.
An antibiotic is a substance used to kill bacteria. If you're coughing up green stuff, the doctor might give you an antibiotic to fight the infection. Since the prefix anti- means fighting, opposing, or killing, and bios is the Greek word for "life," antibiotic literally means life-killing.
Cardi- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “heart.” It is often used in medical and scientific terms. Cardi- comes from the Greek kardía, meaning “heart.” In fact, the English word heart and the Greek kardía are related. Learn more at our entry for heart.
Terms in this set (10)
- cardi- pertaining to the heart.
- acardia. being born without a heart.
- cardio. exercise with the heart.
- cardiologist. a doctor who specializes in the study or treatment of the heart.
- cardiac. relating or related to the heart.
- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
study The Greek root word log means 'word,' and its variant suffix -logy means 'study (of). ' Some common English words that use this root include biology, mythology, catalog, and prologue. Biology, of course, is the 'study' of life, whereas a prologue constitutes the 'words' spoken to introduce a poem or novel.
peri-, prefix. peri- comes from Greek, is attached to roots, and means "about, around'':peri- + meter → perimeter (= distance around an area);peri- + -scope → periscope (= instrument for looking around oneself). peri- also means "enclosing, surrounding'':peri- + cardium → pericardium (= a sac surrounding the heart).
The adjective cardiac is most often used in a medical context: a doctor who operates on people's hearts is a cardiac surgeon, and an irregular heart beat is called "cardiac arrhythmia." It's common for both medical and non-medical people to call a heart attack "cardiac arrest." The word comes from the French cardiaque,
Body Parts and Disorders
|lacrim-, lacrimo-||tear (from your eyes)|
|lact-, lacti-, lacto-||milk|
|laryng-, laryngo-||larynx (voice box)|
Medical terms always end with a suffix. The suffix usually indicates a specialty, test, procedure, function, condition/disorder, or status. For example, “itis” means inflammation and “ectomy” means removal. Alternatively, the suffix may simply turn the word into a noun or adjective.Jan 9, 2020