What type of murmur is rheumatic heart disease?

The murmur is described as a mid-diastolic murmur heard at the mitral listening post with the bell of the stethoscope with the patient in the left lateral decubitus position at end expiration. As the rheumatic valvulitis resolves, the murmur disappears.

Does rheumatic heart disease cause abnormal heart sounds?

People with rheumatic heart disease may have a murmur or rub that may be heard during a routine physical exam. Treatment depends on how much damage has been done to the heart valves.

What murmur is heard in mitral stenosis?

A pre-systolic murmur or rumble of mitral stenosis precedes S1, a result of increased blood flow from atrial contraction. Following S2 (closure of the aortic and pulmonic valves) is the opening of the stenotic mitral valve (snap) and the low pitch mid diastolic murmur or rumble of mitral stenosis.

What is the pathogenesis of rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a chronic and progressive form of damage to the heart valves resulting in dysfunction of the heart. It is a complication of an autoimmune disorder called acute rheumatic fever (ARF), which is in turn precipitated by group A streptococcal infections of the throat.

Can you survive rheumatic heart disease?

There is no cure for rheumatic heart disease and the damage to the heart valves are permanent. Patients with severe rheumatic heart disease will often require surgery to replace or repair the damages valve or valves.

Is mitral valve serious?

Usually, mitral valve prolapse isn’t life-threatening and doesn’t require treatment or lifestyle changes. But some people may need medications or surgery, especially if the prolapse causes severe regurgitation.

How long can you live with leaky heart valve?

In developing countries, it progresses much more rapidly and may lead to symptoms in children less than 5 years of age. Around 80% of patients with mild symptoms live for at least 10 years after diagnosis.

Can mitral stenosis cause death?

Cause of death in untreated patients is due to congestive cardiopulmonary failure (60-70%), systemic embolism (20-30%), pulmonary embolism (about 10%), and infection (1-5%). Of note, patients with mitral stenosis have inherent hypercoagulability independent of atrial rhythm.

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