What are the most common congenital heart defects? The most common congenital heart defect is a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). The aortic valve opens and shuts to allow blood flow from the heart to the aorta. The aorta is the major blood vessel bringing oxygen-rich blood to the body.
How many types of congenital heart disease are there?
CHD is often divided into two types: cyanotic (blue skin color caused by a lack of oxygen) and non-cyanotic.
What are the causes of congenital heart disease?
Certain environmental and genetic risk factors might play a role in the development of congenital heart disease, including:
- Your genes. Congenital heart disease appears to run in families (inherited) and is associated with many genetic syndromes.
- German measles (rubella).
What are the four classifications of congenital heart defects?
What Are the Types of Congenital Heart Defects?
- Hole in the Heart (Septal Defect)
- Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
- Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
- Complete Atrioventricular Canal Defect (CAVC)
- Valve Defects.
- Tetralogy of Fallot.
- Other Defects.
- Which Type?
What is the meaning of congenital heart disease?
Congenital heart disease is a general term for a range of birth defects that affect the normal way the heart works. The term “congenital” means the condition is present from birth.
Who is affected by congenital heart disease?
These heart abnormalities are problems that occur as the baby’s heart is developing during pregnancy, before the baby is born. Congenital heart disease (CHD) affects 1 in 120 babies born in the United States, making heart defects the most common birth defects.
What can be done for congenital heart disease?
Many congenital heart defects cause few or no signs and symptoms. They are often not diagnosed until children are older. Many children with congenital heart defects don’t need treatment, but others do. Treatment can include medicines, catheter procedures, surgery, and heart transplants.
When is congenital heart disease diagnosed?
Diagnosis during pregnancy Congenital heart disease may initially be suspected during a routine ultrasound scan of the baby in the womb. Specialist ultrasound, called foetal echocardiography, will then be carried out at around 18 to 22 weeks of the pregnancy to try to confirm the exact diagnosis.
How does congenital heart disease affect daily life?
Many people with a CHD live independent lives. Some people with a heart defect have little or no disability. For others, disability might increase or develop over time. People with a heart defect might also have genetic problems or other health conditions that increase the risk for disability.
What are the complications of congenital heart disease?
Children and adults with congenital heart disease are at an increased risk of developing further problems.
- Developmental problems.
- Respiratory tract infections.
- Pulmonary hypertension.
- Heart rhythm problems.
- Sudden cardiac death.
- Heart failure.
- Blood clots.
Is congenital heart disease treatable?
There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.