What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart disease?
- Swollen, tender, red and extremely painful joints — particularly the knees and ankles.
- Nodules (lumps under the skin)
- Red, raised, lattice-like rash, usually on the chest, back, and abdomen.
- Shortness of breath and chest discomfort.
Which is a complication of rheumatic heart disease?
Complications include heart failure, which means the heart is unable to pump blood effectively. The strain causes the heart to enlarge. Other complications of RHD include infection of damaged heart valves (infective endocarditis) and stroke due to clots forming in the enlarged heart or on damaged valves.
Is rheumatic heart disease life threatening?
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a life-threatening heart condition which results from damage to heart valves caused by one or several episodes of rheumatic fever, an autoimmune inflammatory reaction to infection with streptococcal bacteria (streptococcal pharyngitis or strep throat).
What are the valve in the heart?
The four heart valves, which keep blood flowing in the right direction, are the mitral, tricuspid, pulmonary and aortic valves. Each valve has flaps (leaflets) that open and close once per heartbeat.
How many flaps are present in the bicuspid valve?
A bicuspid aortic valve is an aortic valve that has two flaps (cusps) instead of three. It may cause a narrowed or obstructed aortic valve opening (aortic valve stenosis), making it difficult for the heart to pump blood into the body’s main artery (aorta).
Does mitral valve stenosis cause pulmonary hypertension?
Like other heart valve problems, mitral valve stenosis can strain your heart and decrease blood flow. Untreated, mitral valve stenosis can lead to complications such as: High blood pressure in the lung arteries (pulmonary hypertension).
What are the mitral valve disorders?
Mitral valve disease is a problem with the valve located between the left heart chambers (left atrium and left ventricle). Mitral valve disease includes: Mitral valve regurgitation. The mitral valve flaps (leaflets) may not close tightly, causing blood to leak backward.
What is rheumatic disease?
Rheumatic diseases are autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that cause your immune system to attack your joints, muscles, bones and organs. Rheumatic diseases are often grouped under the term “arthritis” — which is used to describe over 100 diseases and conditions.
How is rheumatic heart disease caused?
The disease results from damage to heart valves caused by one or several episodes of rheumatic fever, an autoimmune inflammatory reaction to throat infection with group A streptococci (streptococcal pharyngitis or strep throat). It most commonly occurs in childhood, and can lead to death or life-long disability.
Is the mitral valve on the right side of the heart?
The mitral valve is located between the upper left heart chamber (left atrium) and the lower left heart chamber (left ventricle). A healthy mitral valve keeps your blood moving in the right direction.
What is the other name of mitral valve?
The mitral valve is also known as the bicuspid valve. This is one of the heart’s four valves that help prevent blood from flowing backward as it moves through the heart.
Which valves are AV valves?
The mitral valve, the tricuspid valve, the pulmonary valve and the aortic valve. The mitral and the tricuspid valves, also known as the atrioventricular valves, are located between the top chambers of the heart, the atria, and the lower chambers of the heart, the ventricles.
Where are the 4 valves of the heart?
tricuspid valve: located between the right atrium and the right ventricle. pulmonary valve: located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery. mitral valve: located between the left atrium and the left ventricle. aortic valve: located between the left ventricle and the aorta.
What is valve and its types?
Valves are for starting or stopping flow, regulating or throttling flow, preventing back flow or relieving and regulating pressure in fluid or gaseous handling applications. Common valve types include: Ball,Butterfly,Check, Diaphragm, Gate, Globe, Knife Gate, Parallel Slide, Pinch, Piston, Plug, Sluice, etc.
What is mechanical valve?
Mechanical valves Mechanical heart valves are made from materials such as titanium and carbon. They usually consist of two leaflets and a metal ring surrounded by a ring of knitted fabric, which is sewn onto the heart in place of the original valve.
What is the other name for bicuspid valve?
Bicuspid aortic valve. Other names. Bicommissural aortic valve. The aortic valve controls outflow of blood from the left ventricle of the heart through the aorta (valve is indicated within the yellow highlighted box).
What is the AV valve with three flaps?
tricuspid The term ‘tricuspid’ refers to how the valve is constructed. It contains three flap-like cusps that, when closed, keep blood from regressing back into the right atrium.
How does mitral valve disease cause pulmonary hypertension?
Pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension in mitral regurgitation. Chronic severe mitral regurgitation induces compensatory LV and LA dilation in the initial phase, but over time, leads to LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction, reduced LA compliance, and elevated LA pressure in the decompensated phase.
Is the mitral valve tricuspid?
The mitral valve is located on the left side of the heart, between the left atrium and the left ventricle. This valve has two leaflets that allow blood to flow from the lungs to the heart. The tricuspid valve is located on the right side of the heart, between the right atrium and the right ventricle.
Where are the mitral and tricuspid valves located?
The mitral valve and tricuspid valve are located between the atria (upper heart chambers) and the ventricles (lower heart chambers). The aortic valve and pulmonic valve are located between the ventricles and the major blood vessels leaving the heart.
What is a biological valve?
Tissue (biological or bioprosthetic) valves are usually made from pig or cow tissue, or sometimes from human tissue (in which case they may be called homograft valves), that has been treated to make sure it is not rejected by the body. They are built to create a valve’s exact mechanical properties.
What are types of rheumatic diseases?
Types of Rheumatic Disease
- Ankylosing Spondylitis. A chronic, or long-lasting, disease that primarily affects the spine and may lead to stiffness of the back.
- Crohn’s Disease.
- Infectious Arthritis.
- Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.
How many types of rheumatism are there?
Common Rheumatic Disorders Now there are distinct rheumatic diseases.
How is rheumatic disease diagnosed?
How Are Rheumatic Diseases Diagnosed? In general, no single test can diagnose a rheumatic disease. Your doctor will want to discuss your symptoms and examine you to check for visible signs of swelling, stiffness, or redness in your joints.