What does cardiovascular disease mean?

Listen to pronunciation. (KAR-dee-oh-VAS-kyoo-ler dih-ZEEZ) A type of disease that affects the heart or blood vessels. The risk of certain cardiovascular diseases may be increased by smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, and obesity.

Is cardiovascular disease curable?

Coronary heart disease cannot be cured but treatment can help manage the symptoms and reduce the chances of problems such as heart attacks. Treatment can include: lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and stopping smoking.

What organs are affected by cardiovascular disease?

It’s usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries (atherosclerosis) and an increased risk of blood clots. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes.

What are the signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease?

What are the symptoms of cardiovascular heart disease?

  • chest pain.
  • pain, weakness or numb legs and/or arms.
  • breathlessness.
  • very fast or slow heartbeat, or palpitations.
  • feeling dizzy, lightheaded or faint.
  • fatigue.
  • swollen limbs.

What are the three main treatments for cardiovascular disease?


  • medication, such as to reduce low density lipoprotein cholesterol, improve blood flow, or regulate heart rhythm.
  • surgery, such as coronary artery bypass grafting or valve repair or replacement surgery.
  • cardiac rehabilitation, including exercise prescriptions and lifestyle counseling.

How does cardiovascular disease affect daily life?

Coping after a diagnosis of heart disease You may experience various types of emotional distress or behavioural disturbance. Problems such as depression and anxiety are especially common. These conditions not only affect your emotional state but can also impact on your symptoms of heart disease.

Why is age a risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

The most common aging change is increased stiffness of the large arteries, called arteriosclerosis (ahr-teer-ee-o-skluh-roh-sis), or hardening of the arteries. This causes high blood pressure, or hypertension, which becomes more common as we age.

What foods prevent cardiovascular disease?

The best diet for preventing heart disease is one that is full of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts, fish, poultry, and vegetable oils; includes alcohol in moderation, if at all; and goes easy on red and processed meats, refined carbohydrates, foods and beverages with added sugar, sodium, and foods with trans

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