What are common congenital heart diseases?

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a common form of congenital heart disease. It occurs when there’s a hole between the 2 pumping chambers of the heart (the left and right ventricles). This means that extra blood flows through the hole from the left to the right ventricle, due to the pressure difference between them.

What causes congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart disease is caused when something disrupts the normal development of the heart. It’s thought that most cases occur when something affects the heart’s development during the first 6 weeks of pregnancy.

How is congenital heart disease diagnosed?

To diagnose congenital heart disease, your doctor will do a physical exam and listen to your heart with a stethoscope. You will be asked questions about your symptoms and medical and family history. Tests to diagnose or rule out congenital heart disease include: Electrocardiogram (ECG).

Why are some babies born with a hole in their heart?

As a baby’s heart develops during pregnancy, there are normally several openings in the wall dividing the upper chambers of the heart (atria). These usually close during pregnancy or shortly after birth. If one of these openings does not close, a hole is left, and it is called an atrial septal defect.

How long can you live with a heart defect?

Life expectancy with congestive heart failure varies depending on the severity of the condition, genetics, age, and other factors. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around one-half of all people diagnosed with congestive heart failure will survive beyond five years.

How long can you live with CHF?

The life expectancy for congestive heart failure depends on the cause of heart failure, its severity, and other underlying medical conditions. In general, about half of all people diagnosed with congestive heart failure will survive five years. About 30% will survive for 10 years.

What are the 3 types of congenital disorders?

The most common, severe congenital anomalies are heart defects, neural tube defects and Down syndrome.

What do you mean by congenital disease?

A congenital disorder is a medical condition that is present at or before birth. These conditions, also referred to as birth defects, can be acquired during the fetal stage of development or from the genetic make up of the parents.

At what age is congenital heart disease begins?

A baby’s heart starts to develop at conception, but is completely formed by 8 weeks into the pregnancy. Congenital heart defects happen during this important first 8 weeks of the baby’s development.

How do you fix congenital heart disease?

Your child may need open-heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery to repair a congenital heart defect. Heart transplant. If a serious heart defect can’t be repaired, a heart transplant may be needed.

What are the signs of hole in heart?

Symptoms

  • Shortness of breath, especially when exercising.
  • Fatigue.
  • Swelling of legs, feet or abdomen.
  • Heart palpitations or skipped beats.
  • Stroke.
  • Heart murmur, a whooshing sound that can be heard through a stethoscope.

What to avoid if you have a hole in your heart?

Talk to your healthcare provider before you use these products. Do not drink alcohol. Alcohol can increase your risk for high blood pressure, diabetes, and coronary artery disease. Eat heart-healthy foods and limit sodium (salt).

Can adults have congenital heart disease?

800,000 adults in the United States have grown into adulthood with congenital heart disease. This number increases by about 20,000 each year. Adult congenital heart disease is not uncommon. 1 in 150 adults are expected to have some form of congenital heart disease.

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