Dextrocardia is a rare congenital condition where the heart points toward the right side of the chest instead of the left. The condition is usually not life-threatening, although it often occurs alongside more serious complications, such as heart defects and organ disorders in the abdomen.
Can your heart be backwards?
Dextrocardia is a condition in which the heart is pointed toward the right side of the chest. Normally, the heart points toward the left. The condition is present at birth (congenital).
Can you live with situs inversus?
In the absence of congenital heart defects, individuals with situs inversus are homeostatically normal, and can live standard healthy lives, without any complications related to their medical condition.
How common is dextrocardia?
Dextrocardia is a very rare condition, and studies have revealed incidence rates of dextrocardia to be around 1 in 12000 pregnancies.  Kartagener syndrome has an incidence rate of about 1 in 30,000 live births, and situs inversus totalis was seen in around 50% of patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia.
What is Heterotaxia?
Heterotaxy is a rare condition where many organs in the body can be formed abnormally, in the wrong position, or even missing. Many children with heterotaxy have complex heart defects, which are often the most challenging problems associated with heterotaxy.
Can dextrocardia be corrected?
Treating dextrocardia Dextrocardia must be treated if it prevents vital organs from functioning properly. Pacemakers and surgery to repair septal defects can help the heart work normally.
How common is Mesocardia?
2 On the other hand, mesocardia is extremely rare with reported incidence of 0.2 per 10 000 deliveries. 3 It includes two relatively well-defined apexes defined by each ventricle with the major axis of the heart lies in the midline.
What is Kartagener syndrome?
Kartagener’s syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive genetic ciliary disorder comprising the triad of situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, and bronchiectasis. The basic problem lies in the defective movement of cilia, leading to recurrent chest infections, ear/nose/throat symptoms, and infertility.
How is situs inversus treated?
How is situs inversus treated? For many patients, situs inversus doesn’t cause any other symptoms. If a person with situs inversus does have complications like a heart defect, a doctor will treat the symptoms. Surgery to reverse the organs’ positioning is usually not recommended.
Does Donny Osmond have situs inversus?
Situs inversus is a rare condition, but not unheard of: Donny Osmond is one of the more well-known cases. In fact, situs inversus totalis, where all the abdominal organs and the heart are flipped, is the most common type and affects around 1 in 10,000 people.
What is a mirror image dextrocardia?
Mirror-image dextrocardia is the most common form of cardiac malposition encountered and is almost always associated with situs inversus of the abdominal organs. The anatomic right ventricle is anterior to the left ventricle and the aortic arch curves to the right and posteriorly.
What is situs ambiguous?
Introduction. Heterotaxy (or situs ambiguus) is defined as the abnormal arrangement of thoracic or abdominal organs, or both, across the left-right axis (Video 90.1 ); it is different from complete situs inversus, which involves all organs.
Can you have dextrocardia without inversus?
In dextrocardia, the heart is on the right side of the thorax with or without situs inversus. When the heart is right sided with inverted atria, the stomach is right sided, and the liver is left sided, the combination is dextrocardia with situs inversus.
What is ectopic cordis?
Ectopia cordis is defined as complete or partial displacement of the heart outside the thoracic cavity. It is a rare congenital defect in fusion of the anterior chest wall resulting in extra thoracic location of the heart. Its estimated prevalence is 5.5–7.9 per million live births.
What is dextrocardia situs inversus?
Dextrocardia with Situs Inversus is a rare heart condition characterized by abnormal positioning of the heart. In this condition, the tip of the heart (apex) is positioned on the right side of the chest.
What is polysplenia?
Polysplenia syndrome refers to the association of 2 or more multiple spleens with multiple congenital abnormalities in abdomen and chest. However, some cases of polysplenia syndrome have been described with a single bilobed spleen or a single normal splenic gland.
What is asplenia syndrome?
Asplenia syndrome is a syndrome of right isomerism or attempted bilateral right sidedness. It includes congenital asplenia in association with complex congenital cyanotic heart disease and situs anomalies of the other thoracoabdominal organs.
What is fetal heterotaxy syndrome?
Heterotaxy syndrome is a rare birth defect that involves the heart and other organs. The beginning of the word (hetero-) means “different” and the end (–taxy) means “arrangement.” There are different forms of heterotaxy syndrome. All usually involve heart defects of varying types and severity.
Which ventricle is anterior in dextrocardia?
Left ventricle is located anteriorly and inferiorly to right ventricle (RV).
How do you do ECG on dextrocardia?
What is the difference between dextrocardia and Dextroposition?
Dextroposition describes a heart on the right with an apex to the left, secondary to extracardiac causes (right lung hypoplasia, pneumonectomy or diaphragmatic hernia). In contrast, dextrocardia results from cardiac chamber disarrangement.
What is Dextroversion of the heart?
Dextroversion of the heart is a form of dextrocardia resulting from congenital malrotation of the heart about its long axis. The earliest reference to the condition is credited to Paltauf (1), who, in 1901, differentiated it from the other forms of dextrocardia.
What does Levocardia mean?
Levocardia: Reversal of all the abdominal and thoracic organs (situs inversus) except the heart, which is still in its usual location on the left. Levocardia virtually always is associated with a congenital heart disease.
What is right atrial isomerism?
Right atrial isomerism is a severe complex congenital heart defect resulting from embryonic disruption of proper left-right axis determination.
What is Immotile ciliary syndrome?
The immotile-cilia syndrome is a congenital disorder characterized by all the cilia in the body being either immotile or showing an abnormal and inefficient beating pattern. Most symptoms come from the ciliated airways (nose, paranasal sinuses, and bronchs) and from the middle ear.
What is ciliary dyskinesia?
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is usually an autosomal recessive genetic condition in which the microscopic organelles (cilia) in the respiratory system have defective function. Ciliary dysfunction prevents the clearance of mucous from the lungs, paranasal sinuses and middle ears.
Does situs inversus affect the brain?
Yet individuals with anatomical reversals in brain structure, due to a condition called situs inversus totalis, still retain left-sided language processing . These results suggest that, for some cognitive tasks, function may not follow structure.
How rare is situs inversus?
Situs inversus totalis has an incidence of 1 in 8,000 births. Situs inversus with levocardia is less common, with an incidence of 1 in 22,000 births. When situs cannot be determined, the patient has situs ambiguous or heterotaxy.
What situs means?
: the place where something exists or originates specifically : the place where something (such as a right) is held to be located in law.
Can you get pregnant with situs inversus?
There were 6 pregnancies in 3 patients with situs inversus and 9 pregnancies in 6 patients with isolated dextrocardia. There were no apparent antenatal complications. None of the patients developed any cardiac symptoms antenatally.
Does Enrique Iglesias have situs inversus?
Singers Enrique Iglesias and Donny Osmond both have situs inversus. Donny Osmond found out he had the condition from a misdiagnosed case of appendicitis.
How many people in India have right side heart?
Dextrocardia is a condition in which the heart is tilted towards the right of the chest instead of the normal left side. One among 12,000 people is affected with this problem.
Why is the heart tilted to the left?
The heart is slightly tilted towards the left side because the right lung is larger than the left lung. This condition provides the heart with enough space to function properly and pump blood efficiently to different parts of the body.
Can your heart be in the middle of your chest?
Your heart is about the size of your clenched fist. It lies in the front and middle of your chest, behind and slightly to the left of your breastbone.