How does heart disease develop?

Heart disease occurs when plaque develops in the arteries and blood vessels that lead to the heart. This blocks important nutrients and oxygen from reaching your heart. Plaque is a waxy substance made up of cholesterol, fatty molecules, and minerals.

What genetic factor contributes to developing heart disease?

If you’re genetically predisposed to high blood pressure or high cholesterol, your risk for heart disease is elevated, because high blood pressure and high cholesterol are important risk factors for heart disease.

Can I prevent genetic heart disease?

In fact, a 2016 study in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) showed that lifestyle factors can overrule heredity. The study found that making even a relatively modest effort to live healthfully can cut your risk of heart disease by up to 50 percent.

Does cardiovascular disease have a genetic component?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which represents a major health problem around the world and involves the heart, brain, and peripheral circulation, is a complex genetic trait with multiple genetic and environmental components contributing to the observed phenotype.

How can I make my heart-healthy?

To help prevent heart disease, you can:

  1. Eat healthy.
  2. Get active.
  3. Stay at a healthy weight.
  4. Quit smoking and stay away from secondhand smoke.
  5. Control your cholesterol and blood pressure.
  6. Drink alcohol only in moderation.
  7. Manage stress.

How do they test for heart disease?

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG). An ECG is a quick and painless test that records the electrical signals in your heart. It can spot abnormal heart rhythms. You may have an ECG while you’re at rest or while exercising (stress electrocardiogram).

Can you live a normal life with heart failure?

It is possible to lead a normal life, even if you have Heart Failure. Understanding and taking control of Heart Failure is the key to success. Your doctor and healthcare providers will provide guidelines and a treatment plan. It is your responsibility to follow the treatment plan and manage your Heart Failure.

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