Avoid drinking alcohol or taking medication. Take 400 micrograms of folic acid supplement a day during the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of your pregnancy – this lowers your risk of giving birth to a child with congenital heart disease, as well as several other types of birth defect.
In TGA, your child’s aorta is connected to the right ventricle, and the pulmonary artery is connected to the left ventricle. This is the reverse of a normal heart. A newborn with TGA will usually have gray or bluish skin color in the first days of life. All children with a TGA will need to…
If any septal defects are present, they are closed during the same surgery. Babies who have surgery to repair TGA usually do well. More than 90% survive to adulthood and live active, healthy, and productive lives. Expected hospital stay after the arterial switch operation is approximately 2 weeks.
Medication. The medication prostaglandin E1 (alprostadil) helps keep the connection between the aorta and pulmonary artery open (ductus arteriosus), increasing blood flow and improving mixing of oxygen-poor and oxygen-rich blood until surgery can be performed. Atrial septostomy.Aug 11, 2018
How is TGA diagnosed? Pulse oximetry. For this test, a probe is placed on your child’s finger or toe. Chest X-ray. A chest X-ray shows the size and shape of the heart and lungs. Electrocardiogram (ECG) Echocardiogram (echo) Cardiac catheterization (cardiac or heart cath) Medical management. Cardiac catheterization. Surgery.
Transposition of the great arteries occurs during fetal growth when your baby’s heart is developing. Why this defect occurs is unknown in most cases. Normally, the pulmonary artery — which carries blood from your heart to your lungs to receive oxygen — is attached to the lower right chamber (right ventricle).Aug 11, 2018
Arterial switch is a surgical procedure and the main treatment to correct transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Almost all children with TGA undergo the arterial switch repair (also called the Jatene repair). Soon after birth, babies with TGA become very sick because of a severe lack of oxygen.Jul 11, 2016